Where we find new old books, chapter 5, part II: A beginners’ guide to uncovering rare book treasures: the journey of a 500 year old book
Here, our Lighting the Past team complete the story of their recent adventures uncovering the story of one of our new finds.
Provenance of a 16th century Parisian sammelband
At some point during the sixteenth century, our wee volume [Selectoria Don PA6138.A1] made its way to the British Isles. The nascent printing industry was not established in Scotland until the second half of the sixteenth century; as a result, book dealers provided much-needed access to educational texts. This particular compilation of school texts attests to the wide influence of Desiderius Erasmus, famous Renaissance Humanist. While in Italy, Erasmus himself served as the boyhood tutor of King James IV’s illegitimate son, Alexander Stewart, the teenaged Archbishop of St Andrews. Stewart was also the co-founder of St Leonard’s College in 1512.
Traditional cultural and political connections between Scotland and France can also help to explain the circumstances surrounding this journey. Around the time our book came to Scotland, the Humanist Bishop Robert Reid was involved in establishing the first lectureships, in Greek and Canon Law, in Edinburgh under the patronage of the French Queen consort, Mary de Guise. This “Tounis College” (Town’s College) officially rebranded in 1583 as the University of Edinburgh.
The volume’s most visible owner from this early period is one Thomas Ross, whose name or initials occur on no fewer than six separate pages:
The book may have been passed down in the Ross family, for the name George Ross also occurs several times throughout the volume, though in a later hand:
Is Alexander Rose a descendant of previous owners Thomas and George Ross?
A certain Kenneth Mackenzie practiced his penmanship on the title page to the Selectio veterum authorum collectanea:
Finally, on the 11th of April, 1864, James Donaldson, perhaps inspired by such a prolific show of penmanship, added his own inscription.
This book contains inscriptions made by a number of people, which reinforces the importance of examining books for physical evidence of earlier ownership. At present we have no evidence linking individual people to the book and its history.
Provenance, or the history of ownership, of individual books and collections is a growing area of research. Linked to this is an increasing interest in the use of books during their lifetimes, in the cultures and practices of reading, and in the history of book-collecting. Anyone interested in the provenance of the Library’s printed collections should first consult the online catalogue, which contains provenance information for many Special Collections books. The Library’s own archives contain a great deal of information on the history of our collections including manual records of provenance such as accession registers, and sheaf catalogues. There might also be relevant information in personal papers and correspondence. We need to turn to these sources to see if there is more information about the history of this book.
–Lighting the Past team